السبت، 4 نوفمبر 2017

موضوع بحث عادات تقاليد الاردن بالانجليزي

تعبير  معلومات تقرير برجراف فقرة برزنتيشن بحث موضوع ملخص جاهز عن  تعبير بالانجليزي عن. تقرير جاهز عن. عندي بحث بالانجليزي
 عادات تقاليد الاردن بالانجليزي تعبير بالانجليزي عن العادات والتقاليد في
موضوع تعبير عن العادات والتقاليد فى  برجراف عن العادات والتقاليد في
برزنتيشن عن العادات والتقاليد العربية ثقافة أردنية

Traditions and customs Jordan

mosaics

From Amman to Madaba via Jerash, Mount Nebo, Petra or Umm er-Rasas, the excavations reveal each year new mosaics of great artistic quality. Traditional art that continues to be taught and practiced successfully, especially in Madaba.

Renewal

Madaba, with its artisans and mosaic school, symbolizes the revival of this art in Jordan.

The school, created in 1991, trains restaurateurs in collaboration with experts from the Ravenna Institute in Italy and continues to rescue mosaics from the damage inflicted by time and people. Contemporary works are made with the stones of the country.
On the other hand, all the workshops import the black stones of Turkey, nonexistent in the Jordanian soil.

Be careful, do not confuse ceramic and mosaic. Ceramic uses sandstone, terracotta, unfragmented porcelain. We could confuse them from a distance, but do not hesitate to get closer, the difference is obvious. However, some stores abuse a little, given the growing number of fans.

The price of a mosaic is quite high, proportional to the time required for a meticulous realization: you should know that 1 m ² of mosaic takes about 10 days of work according to the drawing ... Imagine the number of hours for a mural! Observe the precision of the work.

It is possible to visit mosaic workshops in Madaba.

Religions and beliefs

Islam is the state religion in Jordan: the population is 96% Muslim, mainly Sunni. The remaining 4% are Christians, especially Greek Catholics and Orthodox, but also Roman Catholics, Armenians ...

Islam practiced in Jordan is rather soft, compared to neighboring countries like Saudi Arabia. Despite the weight of tradition, the king's wives probably had some influence.
Queen Rania even declared in February 2006: "Imposing a veil on a woman is contrary to the principles of Islam. "However, if the wearing of chador is rare, the vast majority of women are veiled (and more and more), except in the capital where emancipated women are more numerous. Those who are veiling or completely covering their faces do so most of the time of their own free will, by pure social conditioning with respect to a tradition to which they are very attached, in an identity and almost claiming way. ! Among the Bedouins, who all come out hidden, the outfit is associated with a feeling of freedom: that of not being seen!
No need for backpackers to adopt these clothing behaviors; nevertheless, we recommend certain precautions (see below).

Savoir-vivre and customs

Jordanians attach great importance to politeness. This explains their sense of hospitality. Some basic rules.

- Jordanians are always surprised (and flattered) to meet Westerners who make the effort to take an interest in their language. A few words of Arabic pronounced at the right time will delight your interlocutors!

- Salvation is very important. The traditional "salamalecs" (salam aleikoum - answer: aleikoum salam, etc.) tend to disappear in favor of the brief Western salute: more reason not to hesitate to use them, you will gain in consideration!

- In principle, an invitation by a Jordanian to a visitor does not refuse immediately (unless it seems suspicious), a gift either. If you do not have time to go to someone's house, do not refuse. Start by thanking, and invent an excuse like "Friends are waiting for me".
If you accept an invitation, you will have to bow to ceremonies: drinking coffee and tea, taking the time to talk, etc. You do not make a cup empty. Similarly, eating with appetite will be much appreciated.

- The left hand is impure (it is used for personal hygiene): do not greet and do not eat with (except with cutlery, of course, and unless you're left-handed: they also do it today).

- You do not throw the toilet paper in the bowl, but in a small trash provided for this purpose.

- It is best to avoid certain topics with Jordanians that we do not know well, including religion and politics. Above all, do not criticize the king or Islam. But it changes little by little, and we now find very open opponents to lead interesting games of opinion.

The place of women

The majority of Jordanians obey the rules of Islam and expect women to be respected by foreigners. You will not be asked to wear the veil. Jordanians are very considerate with foreign women, and extremely rare incidents.

The reactions are limited to strange looks. That said, women will pay particular attention to their dress: no plunging neckline in Petra or Wadi Ram. Avoid showing his legs above the knee, his shoulders and his back. A Westerner will avoid any physical proximity or excessive amiability.

It is enough to adopt a decency of good quality, accompanied by adequate clothes.

On the beaches, whatever the shirt worn, we will be out of their codes anyway, which they admit very well.

Some places are in principle reserved for men, including cafes where we meet to smoke narghile. No sign says it, and we will never tell you frankly, but you'll understand it quickly. In some popular restaurants, it is not uncommon for a room upstairs is reserved for families (that is to say, women, accompanied or not). In these cases, no need to protest: just choose another place if needed.


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