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الجمعة، 10 نوفمبر، 2017

برزنتيشن عن اطفال سوريا بالانجليزي

تعبير تقرير برجراف فقرة برزنتيشن بحث موضوع ملخص جاهز باللغة الانجليزية  انشاء عبارات سهل بسيط قطعة معلومات عامة شاملة بسيطة مبسط نبذة عن الاقتصاد السكان جمل عن بلادي كلمة رحلة مقال جمهورية دولة حول  تكاليف المعيشه السياحة للطلاب عرض للصف السادس للصف الاول للصف الثاني للصف الثالث للصف الرابع للصف الخامس للصف السادس للصف السابع للصف الثامن للصف التاسع للصف العاشر  ابتدائي جمل  سهل وقصير معالم  موقع  تقرير عن تراث بالانجليزي ابي موضوع  ابراج خمس جمل قديما  أبرز المناطق السياحية مختصر حول الحياة والعادات والتقاليد فى  لمحة تعريفية بالانجلش تلخيص قصير كلمة تحدث  تقرير انجليزي عن اي دوله مقدمة خاتمة  information about   paragraph  presentation  location  my country uae كم عدد سكان  مدن  الوجهات العرب المسافرون نقاط الاهتمام مساحة تحدث جغرافية جغرافيا  عبارات شعر قصيدة مؤثر كلام قصير مترجم بالعربي  شكل عام موضوع مؤثر اللغات الرسمية ديانة  اسماء مدن  المناطق الريفيه الشعب الجنس رئيس لغتها الرسمية قوانين موقع  الوطن عادات وتقاليد بحث علمي


Syria: children, victims symbols of war
The Syrian children, including the little Omrane wounded in a raid in Aleppo, appear as victims symbol of the horrors of a war that ravages their country for more than five years.
The images of a child wounded Wednesday in a bombing in Aleppo have caused great excitement around the world. They show this four-year-old boy, Omrane, sitting in an ambulance, his face covered with dust and blood, stunned by the blast of the explosion caused by a raid on Aleppo in northern Syria.
Already, in September 2015, the photo of a lifeless three-year-old Syrian child, Aylan, lying on a Turkish beach, had traveled around the world. Abundantly relayed by the press and social networks, it has become emblematic of the tragedy of Syrian refugees.
"No place for children"
Some 3.7 million children, one in three young Syrians, have been born since the conflict began on March 15, 2011, and grew up in a context of "violence, fear and uprooting," according to a report. published in March, entitled "No place for children".
In total, the conflict now affects 8.4 million Syrian children, more than 80 percent of them, whether in Syria or exiled, according to UNICEF.
Nearly 15,000 children killed
According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (OSDH), more than 14,700 children have been killed since 2011 (assessment as of August 8, 2016), the vast majority following the bombing. Dozens have died of starvation or lack of medicine in the besieged areas. Others perished in gas attacks.
According to the NGO Save the Children, children represent "35% of the victims in Aleppo".
Pet food
According to UNICEF, half of the 600,000 people at headquarters are children. In March, the agency claimed that among children trapped in besieged localities, some were reduced to eating animal feed or leaves to survive.
According to Human Rights Watch, in five and a half years of war, at least 1433 children have been imprisoned, but only 436 have been released.
Among the thousands of tortured detainees photographed by "Caesar", an anonymous Syrian photographer who had fled abroad with his photographs, about a hundred were boys under 18 years old.
This was the case of Ahmed al-Musalmani, 14, arrested in 2012 when Syrian soldiers found on his mobile phone a song criticizing the regime of President Bashar al-Assad. He died in prison.
2.8 million children deprived of school
In March, UNICEF estimated that there were 2.1 million children out of school in Syria.
In neighboring countries, more than 700,000 Syrian children do not have access to education, particularly in Turkey and Lebanon, where schools are overcrowded and under-resourced. In this country, a large proportion of children are forced to work or beg, and the majority are deprived of education.

The war killed more than 290,000 people and threw millions of people on the roads.

برزنتيشن موضوع انجليزي عن سوريا

تعبير تقرير برجراف فقرة برزنتيشن بحث موضوع ملخص جاهز باللغة الانجليزية  انشاء عبارات سهل بسيط قطعة معلومات عامة شاملة بسيطة مبسط نبذة عن الاقتصاد السكان جمل عن بلادي كلمة رحلة مقال جمهورية دولة حول  تكاليف المعيشه السياحة للطلاب عرض للصف السادس للصف الاول للصف الثاني للصف الثالث للصف الرابع للصف الخامس للصف السادس للصف السابع للصف الثامن للصف التاسع للصف العاشر  ابتدائي جمل  سهل وقصير معالم  موقع  تقرير عن تراث بالانجليزي ابي موضوع  ابراج خمس جمل قديما  أبرز المناطق السياحية مختصر حول الحياة والعادات والتقاليد فى  لمحة تعريفية بالانجلش تلخيص قصير كلمة تحدث  تقرير انجليزي عن اي دوله مقدمة خاتمة  information about   paragraph  presentation  location  my country uae كم عدد سكان  مدن  الوجهات العرب المسافرون نقاط الاهتمام مساحة تحدث جغرافية جغرافيا  عبارات شعر قصيدة مؤثر كلام قصير مترجم بالعربي  شكل عام موضوع مؤثر اللغات الرسمية ديانة  اسماء مدن  المناطق الريفيه الشعب الجنس رئيس لغتها الرسمية قوانين موقع  الوطن عادات وتقاليد بحث علمي




Official name Syrian Arab Republic (SY)
Head of State Bashar al-Assad (since July 17, 2000)
capital Damascus
Official Arabic language
Syrian Pound Currency Unit (SYP)
Population 18,564,000 (estimated 2016)
Note: The UN High Commissioner for Refugees estimated in December 2015 that since the beginning of the civil war, nearly four million Syrians had left the country to seek refuge abroad
Area (km2) 185,180
In the atlas all the data
 physical map administrative map
Geography of Syria






Syria has an area of ​​185,000 square kilometers, of which only two-thirds are permanently inhabited, because of the aridity that reigns in the center of the country. Syria was born from the division of the Ottoman Empire by France and the United Kingdom after the First World War. The current territory is not the result of an old national or historic construction. To the north, the border with Turkey follows for most of the route the Baghdad-Istanbul railway line. In the east, the border with Iraq and Jordan is rectilinear south of the Euphrates and made of segments to the north of the river so as not to severely separate the pastures of the Bedouin tribes. To the west, the borders are based on some "natural" boundaries, the Yarmouk river with Jordan, the Anti-Lebanon ridge and the Nahr-el-Kebir-el-Janoubi river with Lebanon. Syria still claims the sandjak of Alexandretta (the present province of Hatay), given by France to Turkey in 1939, but it is wishful thinking. The Golan Heights, occupied by Israel since 1967, constitute a more serious claim that blocks any peace negotiations with Israel.

Physical and climatic conditions
Syria is a table inclined to the east. The Alpine movements of the Taurus and the rift of the Dead Sea explain the rugged terrain of the west of the country, while vast plateaus extend into the interior. The Mediterranean coast is composed of a narrow plain backed by Jebel Ansarieh (or Alawite mountain) which rises to 1,602 m Nebi Younes. This limestone massif, modest replica of Mount Lebanon, is asymmetrical: the western slope is gently sloping, while the eastern slope is formed by an abrupt overlooking the ditch of collapse of the plain of Ghab.

موضوع عن المملكة المغربية باللغة الانجليزية

تعبير تقرير برجراف فقرة برزنتيشن بحث موضوع ملخص جاهز باللغة الانجليزية  انشاء عبارات سهل بسيط قطعة معلومات عامة شاملة بسيطة مبسط نبذة عن الاقتصاد السكان جمل عن بلادي كلمة رحلة مقال جمهورية دولة حول  تكاليف المعيشه السياحة للطلاب عرض للصف السادس للصف الاول للصف الثاني للصف الثالث للصف الرابع للصف الخامس للصف السادس للصف السابع للصف الثامن للصف التاسع للصف العاشر  ابتدائي جمل  سهل وقصير معالم  موقع  تقرير عن تراث بالانجليزي ابي موضوع  ابراج خمس جمل قديما  أبرز المناطق السياحية مختصر حول الحياة والعادات والتقاليد فى  لمحة تعريفية بالانجلش تلخيص قصير كلمة تحدث  تقرير انجليزي عن اي دوله مقدمة خاتمة  information about   paragraph  presentation  location  my country uae كم عدد سكان  مدن  الوجهات العرب المسافرون نقاط الاهتمام مساحة تحدث جغرافية جغرافيا  عبارات شعر قصيدة مؤثر كلام قصير مترجم بالعربي  شكل عام موضوع مؤثر اللغات الرسمية ديانة  اسماء مدن  المناطق الريفيه الشعب الجنس رئيس لغتها الرسمية قوانين موقع  الوطن عادات وتقاليد بحث علمي عن دولة المغرب العربي 

Morocco
By its geographical location, Morocco is the most western of the Maghreb states. Open at the same time on the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, the country is separated from Spain only by the 17 kilometers of the Detroit of Gibraltar. This geographical proximity explains that more than 60% of Moroccan exports are addressed to the European Union. By reintegrating the African Union on January 30, 2017, Morocco has also just recalled its roots in Africa.
Morocco is a constitutional monarchy which, since July 2011, has adopted a new Constitution attentive to the balance of powers between the executive and the Parliament. The Kingdom has 33.8 million inhabitants. The GDP per capita is 3101 USD and the human development index (calculated by the UNDP) places the country in 126th world rank. Morocco is at a propitious moment of its demographic transition: the share of young people under 15 is decreasing (28%), that of the population of working age remains significant (62%) while the share of people elderly is rapidly increasing (almost 10%).
Traditional agriculture occupies an important place in the Moroccan economy (15% of GDP and 40% of employment). In the process of modernization, the agricultural sector is still very dependent on rainfall, which can significantly affect the rate of economic growth from one year to the next. Morocco is also the world's largest exporter of phosphates. The country has recently strengthened its exportable supply through the implementation of ambitious sectoral policies. The country has been able to position itself in new businesses (automotive, aeronautics, offshoring, ...) and, in doing so, attract more foreign direct investment. With the inauguration of the Renault Tanger plant in 2012 and the establishment of numerous equipment manufacturers, Morocco is now part of global car mapping and other manufacturers have already planned their installation on Moroccan territory. A major challenge in supporting the development of these new industrial activities is the elimination of youth unemployment. The tertiary sector, especially tourism, also makes an essential contribution to the Moroccan economy, as well as the financial transfers of Moroccans residing abroad.
This industrial and tertiary diversification has been supported for a long time by a policy of investment in infrastructure aimed at improving the living conditions of the population (rural roads, electrification, access to water), and more recently by promoting major projects (motorways, Tangier-Med port, urban tramways and railway lines, including the Tangier-Casablanca TGV).
France is the main economic partner of Morocco (present in the top duo of the suppliers, first foreign investor, first country of emission of the financial transfers of Moroccans residing abroad, first in terms of tourist arrivals and help bilateral public).

The business support activities of Business France (consulting, market research, organization of prospecting missions, ...) are, in application of a public service delegation, provided in Morocco by the French Chamber of Commerce and Commerce. Morocco Industry (CFCIM).

موضوع انجليزي عن الكويت

تعبير تقرير برجراف فقرة برزنتيشن بحث موضوع ملخص جاهز باللغة الانجليزية  انشاء عبارات سهل بسيط قطعة معلومات عامة شاملة بسيطة مبسط نبذة عن الاقتصاد السكان جمل عن بلادي كلمة رحلة مقال جمهورية دولة حول  تكاليف المعيشه السياحة للطلاب عرض للصف السادس للصف الاول للصف الثاني للصف الثالث للصف الرابع للصف الخامس للصف السادس للصف السابع للصف الثامن للصف التاسع للصف العاشر  ابتدائي جمل  سهل وقصير معالم  موقع  تقرير عن تراث بالانجليزي ابي موضوع  ابراج خمس جمل قديما  أبرز المناطق السياحية مختصر حول الحياة والعادات والتقاليد فى  لمحة تعريفية بالانجلش تلخيص قصير كلمة تحدث  تقرير انجليزي عن اي دوله مقدمة خاتمة  information about   paragraph  presentation  location  my country uae كم عدد سكان  مدن  الوجهات العرب المسافرون نقاط الاهتمام مساحة تحدث جغرافية جغرافيا  عبارات شعر قصيدة مؤثر كلام قصير مترجم بالعربي  شكل عام موضوع مؤثر اللغات الرسمية ديانة  اسماء مدن  المناطق الريفيه الشعب الجنس رئيس لغتها الرسمية قوانين موقع  الوطن عادات وتقاليد بحث علمي




Subsidies policy in Kuwait
The Ministry of Finance has initiated economic reforms to reduce public spending, first targeting a reduction in state subsidies, the total amount of which should increase from 3.78 billion dinars (10.6 billion euros) in 2015/2016 to 2.9 billion dinars (EUR 8.1 billion) in 2016/2017, a decrease of 23%. 71% of annual subsidies are for energy (fuel, water, electricity), or USD 7 billion for 2015/2016 (6% of GDP), while medical treatment abroad accounts for about 6% of subsidies.

1 / The State of Kuwait substantially reduces subsidies for fuels.

This decrease in subsidies would essentially have an impact on automobile fuel prices which have already increased from 70% to 100%, depending on fuel quality, in September 2016. For the 2016/2017 fiscal year, the amount of subsidies allocated to fuels was 238 MKD (666 MEUR), which is significantly less than in previous years. According to the Ministry of Finance, the Kuwaiti state would have saved 100 MKD following the increase in gas prices in seven months, from September 2016 to April 2017. Due to dissatisfaction with part of the Parliament, the Court of Appeal had to validate on April 23, 2017 the government decision to increase gasoline prices as of September 1, 2016.

In the face of social unrest and the threat of widespread strikes, a second phase of price increases was canceled in 2017. The compensation scheme, via ticket books distributed to Kuwaiti families, was not implemented. prices remained in the state, enhanced but ultimately still very competitive. This rise in prices led to a change in gasoline consumption in one year: "Premium" gasoline, currently at 85 fils per liter (0.24 euro), accounted for 17% of the total daily consumption of gasoline. gasoline in August 2016, up from 58% today. The "Super" type, at 105 threads per liter (0.3 euros), accounted for 81% of total consumption last year, compared to 40% today. The consumption of "Ultra" gasoline remained stable at 2%. Nevertheless, the overall consumption of automotive fuel has only slightly decreased, from 4.18 billion liters in 2015-2016 to 4.15 billion liters in 2016-2017, a decrease of 0.8%.

In addition, since January 2015, the government has liberalized the prices of diesel and modified kerosene each month. Recently, the subsidy control committee did not change fuel prices for August 2017 but reduced diesel and kerosene prices from 110 yarns (EUR 0.33) per liter in July 2017 to 105 yarns ( EUR 0.315 per liter in August 2017.

2 / Electricity and water rates are gradually increasing according to the sectors.

The second path of subsidy reduction concerns the electricity and water sectors, both of which are binding for the public authorities because of the high consumption due to the climate (extreme heat) and the lack of rigor of the consumers.
According to the Ministry of Petroleum, Water and Electricity-MPEE, the annual cost of subsidies for water and electricity amounts to 2.25 billion dinars (6.3 billion euros). Since May 22, 2017, the ministry has applied the new rates for electricity (increase of 2 wires / kWh at 5 wires / kWh [1]) and water (increase of 800 wires at 2 KD [2] per 1000 gallons These new rates also apply to private tenants (investment sector) since August 22, 2017. [1]

According to the MPEE, the monthly electricity consumption for a medium-sized apartment is 2700 kWh, which would raise the monthly bill from 5.4 KD to 13.5 KD (from 15.10 Euros to 37.8 euros). This amount is quite acceptable for affluent expatriates, but it becomes problematic for low-income expatriates, who make up the majority of foreign residents.

New rates will apply to public facilities on November 22, 2017 (increase from 2 wires / kWh to 25 wires / kWh [4] for electricity and increase of 800 wires to 4 KD / 1000 [5] gallons for water ) and to the industrial and agricultural sectors in February 2018. On the other hand, Kuwaiti citizens are not affected by these measures and will continue to benefit from very low tariffs.

These increases should lead to an increase in budget revenues equivalent to 0.5% -1% of GDP but also increase the cost of living, leading to an average annual inflation rate of close to 2% in 2017 (1.26% in July 2017).

3 / The effort is also focused on health expenditure, including medical treatment abroad, which remains very high and exceeds the allocated budgets.

Health expenditure should also be reduced because medical care, paid for by the State, exceeded the initial allocation allocated in 2015/2016 (151 MKD or € 422.8 million) to reach 645 MKD (€ 1.8 billion). ), an increase of 330%. Among these health expenses, the medical treatments carried out abroad are preponderant and regularly exceed the budget allocated because the stay of the accompanying persons is also taken care of. Thus, this expenditure would have reached about MKD 400 (EUR1.12 billion) in 2016/2017, while 150 MKD (EUR 420 million) had been initially allocated.

In addition, new fees for medical care for expatriates will be applied on 1 October 2017. For consultation in public clinics, the amount will vary from 1 KD (EUR 2.8) to 2 KD (EUR 5.6) and from 2 KD (EUR 5.6) to 5 KD (EUR 14) in public hospitals. On the other hand, the annual fixed rate of health insurance will remain stable at 50 KD (140 EUR). Kuwaiti citizens are no longer affected by these measures, as their health expenditure is entirely covered by the state.


[1] from less than 1 cent to 1.4 euro cent

[2] from EUR 2.24 to EUR 5.6. The actual cost is estimated at 28 EUR.

[3] 4,546 liters

[4] less than 1 cent to 7 euro cents


[5] from EUR 2.24 to EUR 11.2

موضوع عن الكويت باللغة الانجليزية

تعبير تقرير برجراف فقرة برزنتيشن بحث موضوع ملخص جاهز باللغة الانجليزية  انشاء عبارات سهل بسيط قطعة معلومات عامة شاملة بسيطة مبسط نبذة عن الاقتصاد السكان جمل عن بلادي كلمة رحلة مقال جمهورية دولة حول  تكاليف المعيشه السياحة للطلاب عرض للصف السادس للصف الاول للصف الثاني للصف الثالث للصف الرابع للصف الخامس للصف السادس للصف السابع للصف الثامن للصف التاسع للصف العاشر  ابتدائي جمل  سهل وقصير معالم  موقع  تقرير عن تراث بالانجليزي ابي موضوع  ابراج خمس جمل قديما  أبرز المناطق السياحية مختصر حول الحياة والعادات والتقاليد فى  لمحة تعريفية بالانجلش تلخيص قصير كلمة تحدث  تقرير انجليزي عن اي دوله مقدمة خاتمة  information about   paragraph  presentation  location  my country uae كم عدد سكان  مدن  الوجهات العرب المسافرون نقاط الاهتمام مساحة تحدث جغرافية جغرافيا  عبارات شعر قصيدة مؤثر كلام قصير مترجم بالعربي  شكل عام موضوع مؤثر اللغات الرسمية ديانة  اسماء مدن  المناطق الريفيه الشعب الجنس رئيس لغتها الرسمية قوانين موقع  الوطن عادات وتقاليد بحث علمي




Structure of Kuwait's hydrocarbons sector
With proven fifth world reserves, Kuwait will have 6.8% of global crude oil reserves in 2016.

In 1934, at the time of the British protectorate, the oil concession of the emirate was granted to Kuwait Oil Company (KOC), a joint venture jointly owned by British Petroleum and Gulf Oil Corporation (USA). In 1975, according to the political line then prevailing at the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), the Kuwaiti government nationalises KOC 100%. In 1977, he did the same with the refining-distribution entity, Kuwait National Petroleum Company (KNPC). In 1980, the public control of the oil sector was further strengthened with the creation of the Kuwait Petroleum Corporation (KPC), a holding company bringing together formerly nationalized entities under its authority. Since January 2003, when the oil concession granted in the Japanese AOC neutral zone has not been renewed, exploration and production have been fully nationalized. An ad hoc and also public company, Kuwait Gulf Oil Company - KGOC - manages Kuwaiti interests in the neutral zone (shared with Saudi Arabia). Kuwait Foreign Petroleum Company - KUPFEC, is engaged in overseas exploration and production (activities in Australia, China, Egypt, Indonesia). Finally, KPC's new KPC subsidiary, KPCIC, established in October 2016, handles the import of liquefied natural gas, refining operations and petrochemicals at the Az Zour complex, in the south of the country.

1. Kuwait Petroleum Corporation - KPC

Kuwait Petroleum Corporation (KPC) is the holding company that brings together various oil companies in the country. KPC was founded in 1980 and manages the entire hydrocarbon chain's decision-making chain in the exploration, production, refining and transportation of oil and gas. She is responsible for Kuwait's global interests in the oil sector.

KPC is recognized as one of the top ten global oil conglomerates. The company is managed by the board of directors, chaired by the Minister of Petroleum, Water and Electricity Isam Al-Marzouq.

Mr. Nizar Al-Adsani is currently Vice President and General Manager of KPC. Nizar Al-Adsani studied mechanical engineering at the University of South Dakota. Between 1984 and 1999, he held several positions with the Kuwait Oil Company before being appointed General Manager. Subsequently, he was promoted to KPC's Director of Planning and Investments. In 2004, he became Executive Director of Khafji Joint Operation (KJO) before being appointed Deputy General Manager. In 2009, he joined KJO's board of directors and became president. In 2011, he was appointed Managing Director of KPC and a board member of the Kuwait Foreign Petroleum Exploration Company.



2. Kuwait Oil Company - KOC

The Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) manages the upstream oil, under the authority of the Kuwait Petroleum Corporation (KPC), on behalf of the State of Kuwait.

Kuwait Oil Company was established in 1934 as a joint venture between British Petroleum and Gulf Oil Corporation (GOC). Large reserves were discovered in Kuwait before the Second World War, especially in the giant field of Burgan. The end of the Second World War and the influx of foreign capital allowed the beginning of their exploitation. The development of the oil industry coincided with the end of the British colonial empire in India and the transfer of British engineers from India to Kuwait. The first oil exports from Kuwait were made in 1946. New discoveries in the 1950s and 1960s allowed Kuwait to become a major exporter of oil and gas in the nascent OPEC in 1975, when Kuwaiti authorities made the decision to nationalize KOC.

According to the Kuwaiti constitution, access to natural resources is prohibited to foreign companies. In this context, KOC only grants consultancy and technical assistance contracts to international companies.

Kuwaiti oil companies work through restricted tenders. Thus, a foreign company must be registered with the oil company as a potential supplier of equipment and know-how. She then becomes potential prequalified for tenders and will be automatically invited to participate in the contracts. To be registered or prequalified, a foreign company must have a local partner: agent, distributor, joint venture or sponsor. KOC's Approved Vendor List registration procedure is simple. All you have to do is file with the purchasing department a file containing an application form, catalogs about the company's activity, a copy of the agency contract. KOC updates its Vendors List in principle twice a year. Tenders of less than 5 MKD (EUR 15 million) are processed at KOC's purchasing division level (KNPC and PIC also). It should be noted that the petroleum sector contracts do not include an offset clause. Beyond 5 MKD, tenders go through the Central Tender Committee (CTC), an interministerial commission responsible for invitations to tender. CLC members with no particular technical background are very price-sensitive and tend to favor the "best-seller". The prequalification stage is therefore crucial to eliminate unfair competition in advance. Tenders are published in the official journal ("Kuwait Al Youm").

It should be noted that the depollution of the oil lakes, created by the Iraqi army during its withdrawal in 1991, represents a major environmental project, far from being finalized.

3. Kuwait National Petroleum Company - KNPC

The Kuwait-based refining-distribution entity, Kuwait National Petroleum Company (KNPC) was established in 1960. It is the country's second largest oil company, behind KOC, which is responsible for the upstream.

Since 1968, the company has been exporting petroleum products from its Shuaiba refinery. KNPC was nationalized in 1977 and passed under the tutelage of Kuwait Petroleum Corporation (KPC) in 1980. Under this supervision, KNPC has control over the distribution of petroleum products in Kuwait and has become the owner of the Ahmadi and Abdullah refineries. With three refineries, KNPC has just launched two major projects: clean fuel and giant refinery AZ-Zour. KNPC also wants to develop its gas liquefaction business.

If the refining remains for the moment entirely public, KNPC is gradually giving up its network of petrol stations. In early 2005, the privatization process of the 119 petrol stations began with the transfer of the ownership of 40 petrol stations to a private company. In 2006, another batch of 40 stations was transferred to the private sector, which should eventually acquire the entire national network.

4. KPI - Q8 - Kuwait Petroleum International

Kuwait Petroleum International, often referred to as Q8, refines and markets fuels, lubricants and other petroleum products in Europe. Q8 is the international subsidiary of KNPC. It supplies 4,000 service stations and sells fuel and heating oil for individuals and manufacturers. Q8 has also set up an international diesel service - a fuel card service for international road transport companies - in more than 700 sites throughout Europe. Q8 powers more than 40 airports worldwide. Q8 also owns a lubricant company with five plants, exporting products to more than 75 countries. KPI also follows refinery projects abroad (Asia in particular).

5. Kuwait Gulf Oil Company - KGOC

KGOC was founded on February 10, 2002 to represent the interests of the State of Kuwait in the neutral zone shared between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia where there are several oil fields including Wafra (200,000 barrels / day) and Khafji off -shore (300,000 barrels / day). KGOC has set up two committees for the management of these fields: Khafji joint operation (KJO) and Wafra joint operation (WJO). KGOC liaises with the Saudis who are represented by AramCo.

6. Petrochemical Industries Company - PIC

PIC manufactures and markets chemicals that are essential ingredients for the manufacture of consumer products. Products manufactured by PIC include fertilizers, materials for building insulation, etc. PIC was founded in 1963 as the first chemical fertilizer plant in the Gulf. Today, PIC is a subsidiary of the Kuwait Petroleum Corporation, considered one of the leading companies in the petrochemical industry in the Middle East and growing worldwide.

7. Kuwait Foreign Petroleum Exploration Company - KUFPEC

KUFPEC was established in 1981 as a subsidiary of the Kuwait Petroleum Corporation. It conducts explorations in the fields of crude oil and natural gas, ensures development and production operations outside Kuwait. Since 1984, KUFPEC has acquired oil concessions for discovery and development in Bahrain, Tunisia, Egypt, China and Indonesia. Today, KUFPEC operates in Australia, Africa, Asia and the Middle East. KUFPEC's head office is located in Shuwaikh, Kuwait, and the company has four international offices (Australia, Tunisia, Pakistan and Indonesia).

8. Kuwait Aviation Fueling Company - KAFCO

KAFCO is an aeronautical refueling company operating at Kuwait International Airport that supplies commercial and military aircraft. KAFCO was founded on 1 July 1963 by KNPC which held 51% of the shares and British Petroleum which held 49%. In 1970, BP's shares were bought out entirely by KNPC. In 1987, KAFCO became a wholly owned subsidiary of Kuwait Petroleum Corporation (KPC).

9. Kuwait Oil Tanker Company - KOTC

Kuwait Oil Tanker Company (KOTC) is a subsidiary of Kuwait Petroleum Corporation (KPC). The company is primarily involved in the management of tankers engaged in the transportation of crude oil, refined petroleum products and liquefied petroleum gases. KOTC's fleet consists of sixteen tankers for petroleum products, six crude oil tankers, six liquefied gas tankers, two fuel tankers and several supply and tow boats.

10.   Oil Sector Services Company - OSCC
Oil Sector Services Company was established on August 23, 2005 as a subsidiary of Kuwait Petroleum Corporation to provide services to improve the performance of the oil sector. OSCC works in the following sectors:

         - Health and social services for petroleum employees and their families. The KOC hospital, located in Ahmadi, is dedicated to all the agents of the hydrocarbon chain.

         - Safety and services dedicated to oil installations and corporate assets.

         - Fire fighting installations in the oil companies.

         - Housing of employees and urban services of the city of Ahmadi which hosts most of the offices and employees of the hydrocarbon sector (south of the country).

         - Consulting services for matters of ownership, construction, rental, management of property and assets.

11. Kuwait Integrated Petroleum Industries Company - KIPIC

Kuwait Integrated Petroleum Industries Company-KIPIC was established on October 28, 2016 as a subsidiary of KPC to manage the Az Zour complex projects, located 70 km south of Kuwait City. These projects totaling more than 6 billion dinars (16.8 billion euros) include the new oil refinery Az Zour New Refinery, which is to become the largest integrated refinery in the Middle East, liquefied natural gas import terminals. and petrochemical plants.

موضوع عن الكويت بالانجليزي

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General framework on Kuwait
The State of Kuwait is a parliamentary monarchy located in the north-west of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf. Covering an area of ​​17,818 km², its neighbors are Saudi Arabia and Iraq. Historically, Kuwait was a land of coveted passages, a crossroads between the Arabian Peninsula and the Persian Empire. Sedentary populations have been marginal and for short periods. We do not witness a real sedentarization until the middle of the seventeenth century and the eighteenth century with the coming to power of the dynasty of Al-Sabah. This family, still at the head of this Emirate today, has proposed a "historic compromise" between Sunni and Shiite political elites. These merchant elites come mainly from the region of Basra (Iraq) and Arabia. Originally, the most important of them are Al Saqr, Al Najd and Al Basri. Today, a dozen merchant families control the entire economic life of the country (excluding the oil sector which is fully nationalized).

Today, this former British protectorate, which gained independence on February 22, 1961, is populated by 4.3 million inhabitants, which are divided between 1.3 million Kuwaitis and 3 million foreigners, providing two-thirds of the workforce employed. Muslim 85%, the population is divided between about two thirds of Sunnis and one third of Shiites.

Kuwait is distinguished by its most advanced democratic institutions in the Arab world and an active political life, including through the press.

The country has experienced several crises between the executive and the legislature. With the election of a new Parliament in November 2016 where the opposition is present, the series of economic and financial reforms (rising prices of water, electricity and gasoline, establishment of VAT, introduction of the tax on Kuwaiti companies), mentioned last spring, promises to be difficult to implement.

General data

Official name: State of Kuwait
Nature of the regime: parliamentary monarchy
Constitution: 1962
Emir: Sheikh Sabah Al Ahmad Al Jaber Al Sabah (since 2006)
Crown Prince: Sheikh Nawaf Al Hamad Al Sabah
Prime Minister: Sheikh Jaber Al Mubarak Al Hamad Al Sabah (since December 2011)
First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs: Sheikh Sabah Al Khaled Al Hamad Al Sabah (since October 2011)
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance: Anas Al-Saleh

The country has a parliament composed of 50 deputies elected by universal suffrage.
Kuwait is a member of the Cooperation Council of the Arab States of the Gulf (CCEAG: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Oman Bahrain), the League of Arab States and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation.
Geographical data

Area: 17,818 km²
Capital: Kuwait City (Kuwait City)
Major Cities: Kuwait-City (510,500 inhabitants), Jahra, Ahmadi
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Kuwaiti dinar (1KD = 3.06 €, February 2017)
National holiday: February 25 (independence acquired in 1961)

Demographic data

Population: 4.3 million (UN 2016 estimate)
Nationals: 1.3 million (31%)
Non-nationals: 3 million (including Indians: 825,000, Egyptians: 520,000)
Density: 240 inhabitants / km² (UN 2016 estimate)
Population growth rate: 4.77%
Fertility index: 2.44 (UNDP, 2016)
Life expectancy at birth: 77.1 years (UNDP, 2013)
Literacy rate: 96.13% (UNESCO, 2016)
Religions: Muslims (85.2%: Shiites one third, Sunni two thirds, Islam: official religion), Christians (11.1%), Hindus (3.5%), others (0.2%).
Human Development Index: 0.816; 48th in the world (UNDP, 2014)

Economic data

Kuwait's nominal GDP: $ 111.3 billion (estimate 2016)
GDP per capita PPP: $ 26,123 / inhabitant (estimated 2016)
Growth rate: 3.6% (IMF estimate 2016)
Unemployment rate: 2.2% (4.7% national and 1.8% expatriate) (estimate 2015)
Number of workers: 2,645 million including 20% ​​Kuwaiti (estimated 2016)
Inflation rate: 3.2% annual average (2016 estimate)
Balance of public accounts (after transfer to the Future Generations Reserve Fund):
- fiscal year 2016-2017: deficit of € 28.5 billion (estimate)
- fiscal year 2015-2016: deficit of € 18.0 billion

- fiscal year 2014-2015: deficit of € 8.2 billion